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解题四步策略,巧用逻辑迅速搞定2018考研英语二

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解题四步策略,巧用逻辑迅速搞定2018考研英语二

2018考研英语已落下帷幕,今年英二考题的阅读理解Part B新题型考查了标题对应这一形式,常规考点包括主题句主题词的汲取,以及与备选项的对应方式。这些常规考点的剖析详见《深度解析2018考研英语(二)真题新题型(阅读理解Part B)》。本文我们重点来探讨一下如何利用行文逻辑来快速排除干扰,得出正确答案。

2018考研英语已于今年12月23日17点落下帷幕,海文考研的coco老师在第一时间为各位考生送上英语真题详细解密,带您一探2018考研英语(二)新题型的究竟。

  英语知识点答疑之阅读理解新题型解析

2019考研英语阅读:“小标题”解题四步策略:

首先2018英语二新题型文章的主要内容是与陌生人交流的五种方式而我们的备选项即小标题的内容则是这五种方式,所以这是我们在钻石卡课程中给大家详细讲解过的典型的建议类文章。把握这类文章的逻辑可以帮助考生跳过无关信息,快速锁定目标信息。建议类文章的最大的逻辑特点就是建议有效性,即按照作者的建议去做会取得有效效果。所以提出建议常见的方法:You should…; You’d better…; You are supposed to …; 祈使句;以及If 引导条件句(若主句效果好,则if句就是建议内容;若主句是负面效果,则建议内容与if相反),这些在我们课程中都完整的训练过,应用这些技能,这类文章就可以稳稳地保证满分。比如2018考研英语二新题型41题下方段落内容非常多,但是开始的一串内容都是围绕Suppose you are in a room with… 是在假设一种情况,不属于建议内容,所以我们就可以放心大胆地跳过去,快速锁定目标I truly believe that once you get that first word out everything else will just flow。 (我深信一旦你开口说第一个字,其他交流信息都倾泻而出了)。以及随后的祈使句So keep it simple: “Hi”, “Hey” or “Hello”…(因此简单自如的说出“Hi”, “Hey”或“Hello”。甚至如果想要更高效,我们可以根据so的逻辑迅速做出有效判断。So(因此)顺承逻辑,表因果关系,在考研中用来接续上文,可以前总后分,或前分后总。而我们扫一眼so后面的内容中出现了“Hi”, “Hey”或“Hello”这些具体的表达,所以我们就可以快速判定,so前面是总结句,后面是论证句。于是可以快速锁定I truly believe that once you get that first word out everything else will just flow。这一句就是我们的核心主题,然后迅速利用同近义表达与A(Just say it)对应。

2018考研英语二整体难度较去年有所提升。其中,新题型部分考的是小标题,较去年的选择搭配题,难度明显上升;而就小标题本身,和历年英语二的小标题难度持平。这和我们平时课上跟大家讲解的新题型技巧一样,只要把握好做题的原则和方法,就能快速拿到新题型满分!接下来,海文考研的coco老师就2018考研英语二的新题型给大家做一个全面解析。

  ——07年研究生入学考试英语新题型实例解析

考研英语阅读的解题方法有很多,但大家要根据具体问题具体分析,今天就重点讲解“小标题”的解题四步原则,大家要认真学习哦。

除了利用逻辑快速锁定核心目标句之外,逻辑的运用甚至还可以有效地帮助我们排除命题人所故意设置的干扰。例如2018年英语二新题型中42题,如果不意外,有将近一半的考生会错选为G (Ask for an opinion),因为命题人故意利用so后面两个句子中的原词复现 “ask”设置了这一干扰项。而我们利用逻辑关系来感受一下答案立现的感觉。首先根据建议句型,我们快速锁定有效信息从if you stuck in the rut of “hi”…, you will fail to … 开始,但是我们结合fail失败这个词,根据上述if的逻辑使用得知,这是个反例。所以根据反推逻辑,我们知道作者的建议是与if相反的内容。所以“我们不要仅停留在打招呼这一惯例中”反推之就与F(Skip the small talk跳过浅层谈话)对应起来,其中不要停留对应skip, 而the small talk则对应“hi”。 So顺承逻辑,所以接续上文,跳过浅层对话,进入更深层次的内容,这与下文ask more personal questions又形成了统一。所以,本题答案F (Skip the small talk)。而且这种利用常规进行反向干扰在标题对应中并不是首次出现。我们来看2007年考研英语真题新题型43题所对应文字Teachers are responsible for teaching kids how to learn, parents should be responsible for teaching them how to work。 Assign responsibilities around the house and make sure homework deadlines are met。 Encourage teenagers to take a part-time job。 Kids need plenty of practice delaying gratification and deploying effective organizational skills, such as managing time and setting priorities。 考生中相当大一部分同学就被原词复现responsible所迷惑选择了G(Build Your Kids’ Sense of Responsibility)丢了两分。而这两分,利用逻辑就可以完美的得到。因为本文的标题How can a Parent Help? 主题是家长如何帮助自己的孩子,所以我们就可以利用主题一致这一逻辑迅速把握中心就是parents should be responsible for teaching them how to work父母有责任教会孩子如何工作,完美与正确答案B(Build Your Kids’ Work Skills)对应起来。

今年的“小标题”,意料之中,仍然是“社会生活类”的话题文章。五个选项,三个简单,一个较难,第二题最难,难度设置合理,有明显的区分度。形式上有创新,从常见的每段对应一个小标题,变成了多段对应一个小标题,这体现了英语二试题的灵活,但万变不离其宗。本文的主题是“与任何人交流的五种方法”,那么小标题就是具体哪一种方法;因此,只要大家掌握了“复现原则”,加之重视我们在海文钻石卡vip课程中多次提到的祈使句、结论句,同时结合上下文逻辑验证,就能在考场上快速定位关键词句,高效做出所有正确答案!

  Directions:

一、小标题解题步骤

此外,利用逻辑解题是考研英语每个题型中都会涉及到的内容,所以希望能够引起广大考生的重视。

首先是第41题,这是简单题,根据“复现原则”便可快速做出!从下方段落中重复提到“talk”,“say”,”get it out”,以及最明显的最后一句“So…。。 and say “Hi”。 这就是我们在课堂上多次跟大家强调的同义复现词解题法:两个“say”加之其他的同义词,都指向“开口说出来”,毋庸置疑,A项Just say it就是正确答案。

  You are going to read a list of headings and a text about what parents are supposed to do to guide their children into adulthood. Choose a heading from the list A—G that best fits the meaning of each numbered part of the text (41~45).The first and last paragraphs of the text are not numbered. There are two extra headings that you do not need to use. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1.

  1、精读标题——划关键词

第42题,是本篇最难的一道题,具有强烈的干扰性,考察考生整体把握段内逻辑的能力。不少考生会根据最后一段两个“ask”误选G项“Ask for an opinion”,但我们在海文暑期强化班和冲刺班中给大家一再强调的,不能仅根据两个复现词,就100%是正确选项,还需结合全段逻辑来验证,它有可能是干扰项!其实,42题的段落以“if we got stuck”假设我们会在打招呼环节受阻,则后句会用“So don’t be afraid to ask more personal questions。”来提出方法,解决前面假设的问题。所以,以问更多的个人问题作为谈话开始,而不是关注打招呼,就是交流的方法之一。有效识别陷阱,难题迎刃而解,F项Skip the small talk 略过打招呼,就是正确答案!

  A. Set a Good Example for Your Kids

  2、精读开局——验证主题

第43题,是简单题,同样根据“复现原则”便可快速做出!在该段的第一句,用祈使句可定位到“when……, make an effort to find the things which you and that person have in common”,努力找到你和别人的“共同点”,这与E项Find the “me too”s (找到“我也有”)中的“me too”明显同义复现,以此,E项就是正确答案。

  B. Build You Kids’ Work Skills

  3、通读各段落——①划关键词(最少两个)②归纳段落大意

第44题,是较难题,因为没有明显的原词复现,旨在考察考生的同义复现能力。通过下方段落中的”So when someone tries to communicate with you, just be in that communication wholeheartedly。”(全心投入沟通中)以及紧跟后面的两个“make eye contact”(保持眼神接触),推出与F项“Be present”(处于沟通当下)不谋而合,因此,F项是正确答案。

  C. Place Time Limits on Leisure Activities

  4、根据关键词,把小标题和段落进行匹配。

第45题,又回到了简单题。根据“复现原则”,根据段中的 “remember the little details of the people you met or you talked with; perhaps the places …, the things they like”,直接可匹配出正确选项D Name, places, things(名字,地点,事情)。

  D. Talk about the Future on a Regular Basis

  二、小标题解题方法

总之,2018英二新题型具备两大特征:延续生活化话题;难度区分更加明晰。各位考生只要在考试中谨记我们讲到的“复现原则”和“上下文逻辑验证”,熟练运用,相信今年一定能够取得满意的成绩!最后预祝大家金榜题名!

  E. Help Kids Develop Coping Strategies

  小标题题要想夺得高分,关键在于第三步:即考生是否能够快速准确总结段落大意。总结段落大意的方法:1 同词复现和同根词复现;2近义复现和反义复现;3代词指代

  F. Help Your Kids Figure Out Who They Are

  三、小标题例题讲解

  G. Build Your Kids’ Sense of Responsibility

  精读标题——划关键词

  How Can a Parent Help?

  [A] Set a Good Example for Your Kids

  Mothers and fathers can do a lot to ensure a safe landing in early adulthood for their kids. Even if a job’s starting salary seems too small to satisfy an emerging adult’s need for rapid content, the transition from school to work can be less of a setback if the start-up adult is ready for the move. Here are a few measures, drawn from my book Ready or Not, Here Life Comes, that parents can take to prevent what I call “work-life unreadiness”:

  [B] Build Your Kids’ Work Skills

  41

  [C] Place Time Limits on Leisure Activities

  You can start this process when they are 11 or 12. Periodically review their emerging strengths and weaknesses with them and work together on any shortcomings, like difficulty, in communicating well or collaborating. Also, identify the kinds of interests they keep coming back to, as these offer clues to the careers that will fit them best.

  [D] Talk about the Future on a Regular Basis

  42

  [E] Help Kids Develop Coping Strategies

  Kids need a range of authentic role models—as opposed to members of their clique, pop stars and vaunted athletes. Have regular dinner-table discussions about people the family knows and how they got where they are. Discuss the joys and downsides of your own carcer and encourage your kids to form some ideas about their own future. When asked what they want to do, they should be discouraged from saying “I have no idea.” They can change their minds 200 times, but having only a foggy view of the future is of little good.

  [F] Help Your Kids Figure Out Who They Are

  43

  [G] Build Your Kids’ Sense of Responsibility

  Teachers are responsible for teaching kids how to learn; parents should be responsible for teaching them how to work. Assign responsibilities around the house and make sure homework deadlines are met. Encourage teenagers to take a part-time job. Kids need plenty of practice delaying gratification and deploying effective organizational skills, such as managing time and setting priorities.

  精读开局——验证主题

  44

  How Can a Parent Help?

  Playing video games encourages immediate content. And hours of watching TV shows with caned laughter only teaches kids to process information is passive way. At the same time, listening through earphones to the same monotonous beats for long stretches encourages kids to stay inside their bubble instead of pursuing other endeavors. All these activities can prevent the growth of important communication and thinking skills and make it difficult for kids so develop the kind of sustained concentration they will need for most jobs.

  Mothers and fathers can do a lot to ensure a safe landing in early adulthood for their kids。 Even if a job’s starting salary seems too small to satisfy an emerging adult’s need for rapid content, the transition from school to work can be less of a setback if the start-up adult is ready for the move。 Here are a few measures, drawn from my book Ready or Not, Here Life Comes, that parents can take to prevent what I call “work-life un readiness”:

  45

  通读文章标题和第一段之后,发现本文主题为“父母亲怎样帮助孩子进入成人期?”

  They should know how to deal with setbacks, stresses and feelings of inadequacy. They should also learn how to solve problems and resolve conflicts, ways to brainstorm and think critically. Discussions at home can help kids practice doing these thins and help them apply these skills to everyday life situations.

  通读各段落——①划关键词(最少两个)②归纳段落大意

  What about the son or daughter who is grown but seems to be struggling and wandering aimlessly through early adulthood? Parents still have a major role to play, but now it is more delicate. They have to be careful not to come across as disappointed in their child. They should exhibit strong interest and respect for whatever interests their fledging adult (as naive or ill conceived as it may seem) while becoming a partner in exploring options for the future. Most of all, these new adults, must feel they are respected and supported by a family that appreciates them.

  41.

  07年的考研英语新题型选择了标题选择题,这种题型是几种备选中难度相对较小的一种。这篇文章主要讲述青少年如何在父母的指导之下,给自己设定一个培养自己未来的职业生涯规划、并提高自己的职业综合能力。我们结合具体的题目对这一类的新题型阅读题进行分析:

  You can start this process when they are 11 or 12。 Periodically review their emerging strengths and weaknesses with them and work together on any shortcomings, like difficulty in communicating well or collaborating。 Also, identify the kinds of interests they keep coming back to, as these offer clues to the careers that will fit them best。

  第41题:这一题考查的是指代关系,答题的主要线索是you这个单词。这里的you指代孩子的家长,而不外乎是加强家长如何了解自己孩子的优、缺点,然后帮助孩子确定未来的职业生涯。我们要注意到下面的periodically review的表达,这里面没有主语,但我们可以从上下文看出父母是做主语的概念,了解了线索you,我们就应该比较容易的判断出正确的选项。

  解答过程:根据关键词strengths,weaknesses,shortcomings,interests,these , 可以总结本段大意为“帮助孩子了解自己的优缺点”,由此可判断选项[F] Help Your Kids Figure Out Who They Are(帮助孩子弄清楚他们是谁?)

  第42题:这一题也要注意一个关键的词汇线索models,这个是题目中最常见、最简单的线索。此题可以把词汇的线索细分为词汇的重复,但是本题的重复不是简单的同一个词重复,而是比较侧重于考查学生基本功的同义词重复,分析到这一点我们可以发现,题干当中A选项其中的一个单词example是和models是一致的,所以可以判断出正确的答案是A。

  42.

  第43题:从本段第一句话看多次出现了responsible和responsibility这些相同词根的词,所以有同学就会以为可能要选的是G,但是如果把这一段认真读完的话你会发现,其实这个G是干扰项,在这一段中我们可以发现,homework deadline、organization skills以及managing time和setting priorities这些词汇都反应体现的是工作的技巧,这几组词属于什么呢?我们称之为同一词汇搭配和同一领域的词汇的体现,那么我们选完之后可以判断,正确的答案不外乎就是B。

  Kids need a range of authentic role models—as opposed to members of their clique, pop stars and vaunted athletes。 Have regular dinner-table discussions about people the family knows and how they got where they are。 Discuss the joys and downsides of your own career and encourage your kids to form some ideas about their own future。 When asked what they want to do, they should be discouraged from saying “I have no idea。” They can change their minds 200 times, but having only a foggy view of the future is of little good。

  第44题:把全段内容读完之后就可以发现,整段讲的就是娱乐和工作的关系问题,从这里面可以判断出选择C,应该是正确答案。

  解答过程:根据关键词regular, discussions,discuss, their own future, the future,可以判断选项[D] Talk about the Future on a Regular Basis

  第45题:45题主要考查的是逻辑关系,考逻辑关系的题目的基本思路是:一般先描述问题,然后提出问题的的解决方法和对解决方法是否有效的评论,这段话的大意其实可以分为两个部分,第一个部分是前两段,表达青少年应该具备什么样的素质,比如处理问题、解决冲突、头脑风暴乃至批判性思考等这样的一些基本素质;而本段的关键其实是在第二部分,就是最后一句话,也就是他问采用什么样的方法可以锻炼孩子的基本素质,其实也就是家庭性的讨论,discussion at home,从这些问题我们可以归纳出一个具有共同性的特征,都是集体性的问题,什么概念呢?需要处理的这些问题,青少年需要具备的这些素质都要涉及到几个人,而非个体的问题。E选项的最后两个词“coping strategies”(合作协调战略),从这里可以判断45题选择E。

  43.

  从整体上看,这类新题型的篇幅不长,难度也不是很大,因此这一部分的整体得分也会有所上浮。不过这并不意味着今年即将步入考场的同学们可以相应减少对新题型的练习。因为从近几年的考试情况看,新题型一直是得分率较低的试题,文章难度并不比阅读理解难很多,但新题型的其它几种类型的答题难度较大,所以同学们在复习的过程中仍然要特别注意新题型的训练。在练习的过程中,词汇量和阅读理解能力是基础,相对于其它题型来说,新题型的答题技巧更加重要,这需要同学们在练习的过程中适应并掌握。

  Teachers are responsible for teaching kids how to learn; parents should be responsible for teaching them how to work。 Assign responsibilities around the house and make sure homework deadlines are met。 Encourage teenagers to take a part-time job。 Kids need plenty of practice delaying gratification and deploying effective organizational skills, such as managing time and setting priorities。

    更多信息请访问:新浪考研频道 考研论坛 考研博客圈

  解答过程:根据关键词work,  responsibilities around the house, homework, take a part-time job, skills可以判断选项[B] Build Your Kids’ Work Skills

  特别说明:由于各方面情况的不断调整与变化,新浪网所提供的所有考试信息仅供参考,敬请考生以权威部门公布的正式信息为准。

  44.

  Playing video games encourages immediate content。 And hours of watching TV shows with canned laughter only teaches kids to process information in a passive way。 At the same time, listening through earphones to the same monotonous beats for long stretches encourages kids to stay inside their bubble instead of pursuing other endeavors。 All these activities can prevent the growth of important communication and thinking skills and make it difficult for kids to develop the kind of sustained concentration they will need for most jobs。

  解答过程:根据关键词Playing video games, watching TV shows, listening through earphones, All these activities可以判断选项[C] Place Time Limits on Leisure Activities

  45.

  They should know how to deal with setbacks, stresses and feelings of inadequacy。 They should also learn how to solve problems and resolve conflicts, ways to brainstorm and think critically。 Discussions at home can help kids practice doing these things and help them apply these skills to everyday life situations。

  解答过程:根据关键词deal with, solve problems, resolve, these things, these skills,可以判断选项[E] Help Kids Develop Coping Strategies

What about the son or daughter who is grown but seems to be struggling and wandering aimlessly through early adulthood? Parents still have a major role to play, but now it is more delicate。 They have to be careful not to come across as disappointed in their child。 They should exhibit strong interest and respect for whatever currently interests their fledging adult (as naive or ill conceived as it may seem) while becoming a partner in exploring options for the future。 Most of all, these new adults must feel that they are respected and supported by a family that appreciates them。

上述讲解了,小标题解题法的四步原则,还有例证,大家要用心学习,多加揣摩哦,认真对待学习,走好每一步,夯实基础。

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